According to the DAK health report, the level of illness is falling, while anxiety and depression should be, especially among the young "dramatically" increase
There is no mood in Germany. The national jerks are only a weak tremor. Instead of setting out, everyone just wants to secure or expand their holdings. Against the bad mood helps no Holzen against the respective political or social opponent, since everything comes only back and the situation seems to be lost. No one believes that the government or the change of government can go up. And indeed, this sentiment is reflected in individuals as well. People are more afraid for their jobs and hardly ever get sick, at least according to the employee health insurance company DAK, while at the same time mental problems are increasing "dramatic" increase.
The BBC is already talking about the new German "Rough depression" and thus alludes to the recently published results of the DAK Health Report 2005. According to this, the people in Germany are really in the grip of anxiety.
Those who still have jobs are clinging to them and working harder and harder for less money in order to make profits for the big companies, which are nevertheless cutting jobs or moving them abroad. Naturally, one does not dare to celebrate sickness or to stay at home even in case of actual illness, if it is possible somehow. According to the statistics of the DAK, which has 2.6 million members (63% women, 37% men), the sickness rate dropped from 3.5 to 3.2 percent in 2003 (as high as in 1998). Those who can afford it are more likely to get sick sometimes. Thus, the industries with the lowest sickness rates are "legal advice/economic audit" and "Data Processing", with the highest "public administration" and "Health care". But perhaps first appearances are true.
At the same time, the fear – or discipline – seems to have a stronger impact in the western states, with an average of 3 percent, than in the eastern states, with 3.8 percent, although the unemployment figures actually suggest that the opposite relationship is more likely to love. And the southern countries have the lowest sickness rates. The differences between men and women, on the other hand, are of little consequence. Particularly broken away are the short-term disease traps. People now go to work if they can somehow manage it. Therefore, the number of sick leave cases decreased, for the sick leave are responsible few, but long-term sick leave cases. Although serious illnesses lasting more than six weeks account for only four percent of all cases of sickness, they are the most common "due to their long duration they are responsible for more than 40 percent of the sickness rate".
But this is only one side of the coercive machinery in which the Germans find themselves, or at least think they find themselves. The increasing stress is apparently – and not surprisingly – paid for by an increase in psychological disorders. Although they are still only in fourth place after diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the respiratory system and injuries, according to the statistics of the DAK there is a rapid increase here: "From 1997 to 2004, the number of cases of mental illness increased by 70 percent."
This is due to the fact that nowadays people are more likely to see a therapist and doctors are more likely to diagnose a psychological problem, but according to experts, there are in fact also more traps, while the work situation ("Excessive demands, little possibility of exerting influence, and a high degree of uncertainty") more often "worsening conditions" show. These include work intensification, the erosion of the normal work relationship and discontinuous employment careers, the service society, which demands new communicative and emotional skills, and the dissolution of boundaries and the subjectification of work when it is necessary "overtaxing or strong foreign control" present.
The most common symptoms are depression and anxiety. It is particularly worrying that the sharpest increase is observed among young people, i.e. those who are starting work, have had their first experience of it or remain unemployed. Hardest hit are "the age groups of 15 to 29 years (for women), respectively. of 15- to 34-year-olds (among men)", the increase between 1997 and 2004 is sometimes more than 100 percent. Incidentally, most mental illnesses are found in the "public administration" and in the "Healthcare", "Education, Culture, Media" is in the middle, the least is in the "Trade" and the "Legal Advice".