Chinese nuclear power plant for turkey?

chinese nuclear power plant for turkey?

Screenshot from 13.9. The Northeast Passage off the Siberian coast has been clear for a few weeks now. Likewise, the winding path through the Canadian archipelago. The direct Northwest Passage has been blocked this year. The ice has been growing there again since the beginning of September. Picture: Uni Bremen

The energy and climate newsreel: Shrinking ice, severe storms and solar power for Africa’s villages

Summer is coming to an end and on the Arctic Ocean the sea ice will reach its minimum in these days or has already done so. This year it will have the second smallest extent since satellite measurements began, and its condition gives little cause for optimism. Already in the next, if not the next decade, it will disappear seasonally in summer, if the present trend continues.

This will have far-reaching consequences for the global climate. A temporarily ice-free Arctic Ocean means that less incident solar energy will be reflected and stored in the ocean instead. From there, it will also warm the surrounding land masses, where in many places the retreat of permafrost, the permanently frozen ground, has already begun.

Possible consequences include increased erosion of the crust, release of additional greenhouse gases, and wider effects on atmospheric circulation. In temperate latitudes, this is determined by the contrast between the warmer air masses in the south and the cold Arctic air. If the temperature contrast is reduced, then the warm transport to the north will be led and also the temperate and southern latitudes will warm up more strongly. This, in turn, will increase severe weather and other extreme events such as heat waves and droughts.

A screenshot of the sea ice page of the University of Bremen (above graphic) gives an impression of the state of the ice. At times the open water had advanced beyond 85 degrees north, the last marked latitude circle. In Polnahe, polynyas had formed at the end of August, i.e. coarse flats of open water enclosed by ice. These are also already frozen in the last days.

The graph must not be misunderstood as a photographic image. The data used are from the Japanese satellite Shizuku. They already show a slight increase of the sea ice area (Sea Ice Extend). To determine this, the satellite sensors scan small plan squares with a side length of 6.5 kilometers. The evaluating algorithms interpret the squares as ice area, as long as they are at least 15 percent covered with ice.

For comparison, here is the minimum of last year together with that of some other years and the average of the last decades. Especially the latter, the orange line in the linked graph, gives an idea of how unusually far the ice is retreating by now.

ubfloods

The people of Niger (population 18.5 million, gross national income per capita in 2014 US$430) are getting a taste of the more severe storms that climate change will bring. 38 people have already died there this summer as a result of severe flooding, and 92,000 livestock have been lost.000 have been made homeless, the Nigerian newspaper Vanguard wrote last week, citing a UN relief agency. 26.000 livestock have been lost.

In addition, there has been severe crop damage, and this after the country has just come through a severe drought. It also suffers from a civil war with the religious-fascist group Boko Haram. 300.000 people have been driven to flee by the conflict and live in other parts of the country as internally displaced persons (IDPs).

This year, there have been severe floods in Africa, including in Sudan and Ethiopia, with deaths and hundreds of thousands of refugees. The latter has just emerged from one of the most severe droughts in its recent history. These often exacerbate the effects of heavy rains because the extreme drought hardens and compacts the soil so that water cannot be absorbed.

Nuclear power plant in Turkey

Meanwhile, the Turkish newspaper Hurriyet Daily reports on three agreements that Turkish Energy Minister Berat Albayrak signed with the hosts last week on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Hangzhou, China. This involved the areas of renewable energy, nuclear power and coal.

In Turkey there are concrete plans for two larger nuclear power plants. One is to be built by Russian companies on the Mediterranean coast, the other by a French-Japanese consortium in a highly seismically active region on the Black Sea coast. China is hopeful of landing the contract for a third project.

Otherwise, the share of nuclear power in the global energy supply continues to decline, as hardly any new nuclear power plants are being built. The situation is completely different with Erdol and its various derivatives. Global petroleum consumption increased by 1.4 million barrels (159 liters) per day in 2015. This is reported by Kallanish Energy, a platform specializing in news from the oil industry, citing the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year and next year, according to EIA estimates, was similarly strong.

The larger part of the increase in demand for crude oil is obviously attributable to the emerging and developing countries. Non-OECD countries contributed 0.9 million barrels per day to growth in 2015. For the current and next year, U.S. analysts expect demand from these countries to grow by 1.2 and 1.3 million barrels per day, respectively. About a quarter of this was supplied to India or China respectively.

The sonnenBattery. Image: sonnen GmbH

Electricity flat rate

In Bavaria, a company has introduced an electricity flat rate, as reported by the specialist information service IWR. The customers of sonnen GmbH from Wildpoldsried have their own solar system with battery, with which they can optimize their own consumption. In the future, they will no longer pay for the rest, which is still needed from the grid now and then. In return, they make their batteries available to sonnen GmbH.

The company then connects several thousand small home batteries to create a virtual storage facility. If necessary, electricity can either be quickly fed into the grid from this grid or additionally absorbed from it. Since this service stabilizes the grid, sonnen GmbH receives a lucrative remuneration for it. The flat rate will be financed with this, according to the plan. Whether this one pans out, however, remains to be seen. Last year, VDI-Nachrichten reported a rapid drop in prices on the market for balancing power.

Under Africa’s sun

And last but not least the good news of the week. In the first half of 2016, 92 solar power plants were installed in Nigeria.000 households connected to power supply from small, decentralized solar plants. Since mid-2015, the Solar Nigeria project has already 182.000 households to be equipped, as AllAfrica.com reports.

Users have either bought the plants on credit or are renting them. With numerous other projects of this kind in various African and South Asian countries, the whole of humanity could finally be supplied with electricity in the next decade.

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