Scientists drilling corals on Rowley Shoals, a group of three atoll-like coral reefs jutting out of the water off Australia’s northwest coast. Photo credit: Eric Watson, AIMS (Australia)
The Energy and Climate Newsreel: From the dialogue between coal opponents and supporters, the chances of the climate agreement coming into force before the end of 2016, and imponderables in the climate system
This year’s climate camp in Lutzerath, Rhineland, came to an end on Monday. On Saturday, activists also protested on the grounds of the Garzweiler open pit mine and chained themselves to demand bands. 23 people – including a journalist – were temporarily arrested, they are now being investigated for trespassing.
Overall, the climate camp was less spectacular than the camp in Lusatia at Pentecost. According to the organizers, about 1000 activists were on site. Among the actions was the symbolic reopening of the school in the village of Immerath, which is threatened with demolition and is largely vacant.
Blockade of excavators on the west side of the Garzweiler open pit mine. Image: Klimacamp/CC BY 2.0
There was also a discussion with representatives of the mining union IG BCE. Originally, the union had wanted to demonstrate on Friday for lignite and against the reduction of jobs, the chosen slogan was "Snout full". On a facebook page it was still hitting at first "Fed up with violence by eco-activists", this slogan was quickly reinterpreted by union secretary Manfred Maresch. "RWE employees get prere from all sides", said Maresch to the Kolner Stadtanzeiger. "There are activists ready to use violence on one side, politicians who turn their backs on lignite, and a company that wants to cut jobs and shorten wages."
Finally, the union canceled the demonstration with reference to "Logistical problems" From. In addition, the cancellation states: "(U)nd we take into account the wish of the remaining residents of Immerath not to have the rally in front of their ‘Haustur’". By participating in a discussion at the climate camp, the union then sent a fairly peaceful signal to coal opponents.
Which G20 state will make the running?
On Monday, Brazil had actually wanted to ratify the Paris climate agreement. According to reports from the environmental organization Observatorio do Clima, this was the official agenda of interim president Michel Temer until Sunday. This Monday, Brazil was the first major emitter of carbon dioxide to sign the agreement. Now the South American country is likely to be overtaken by China and the United States. The reason for the postponement in Brazil is presumably that the solemn moment should not coincide with the date of Dilma Rousseff’s defense speech before the Senate.
According to the South China Morning Post, the two largest iers are planning to sign the agreement on 2 December. The G20 is expected to ratify the treaty by September 4, before the start of the G20 summit, which is scheduled to take place on September 4. and 5. The meeting will take place in Hangzhou, China, on September 30. The White House has not yet confirmed this information, but it has said that President Barack Obama will ratify the agreement without Senate approval.
So far, 23 countries have ratified the agreement, but they are responsible for only 1.1% of global emissions. For the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries, which together account for at least 55% of CO2 emissions, must do so. However, the signature alone will not be enough: The countries will also have to improve their reduction targets and reductions in order not to exceed the maximum global warming defined by the international community. Voluntary climate change pledges (INDCs) have limited the temperature increase to 2.7 degrees Celsius at best, and current national legislation to only 3.6 degrees.
In an open letter to the heads of the G20 countries, a group of 130 investors is urging that the agreement be ratified as early as possible in 2016. The group of investors also calls for a stable and economically significant price for carbon credits, legislative support for energy efficiency and renewables, and the phasing out of fossil fuel subsidies, as already stated in the December 2015 "Global Investor Statement on Climate Change" was formulated.